Resources & Databases
History, Geography & Culture


Historic American Newspapers

Page images from selected historic newspapers of 25 states and the District of Columbia, published from 1836-1922. Includes 34 historic South Carolina newspapers published in Anderson, Anderson Court House, Bennettsville, Charleston, Columbia, Edgefield, Georgetown, Laurens, Orangeburg, Orangeburg Court House, Pickens Court House, Rock Hill, Sumter, and Sumterville

Historic Newspapers of South Carolina

Historic Newspapers of South Carolina provides free online access to historic local and regional newspapers originating throughout South Carolina since the 1700s.

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Comprehensive U.S. and world history reference resource

U.S. History In Context


An engaging online experience for those seeking contextual information on hundreds of the most significant people, events and topics in U.S. History. The new solution merges Gale's authoritative reference content with full-text magazines, academic journals, news articles, primary source documents, images, videos, audio files and links to vetted websites organized into a user-friendly portal experience.

World History In Context


An engaging online experience for those seeking contextual information on hundreds of the most significant people, events and topics in World History. The new solution merges Gale's authoritative reference content with full-text magazines, academic journals, news articles, primary source documents, images, videos, audio files and links to vetted websites organized into a user-friendly portal experience.

World News Digest

This archival record of domestic and international news is updated weekly and contains more than 1 million internal hyperlinks and convenient new features such as tabbed search results. It covers all major political, social, and economic events since November 1940.

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America in World History , 2013

America has played a significant role in world affairs from first contact between Europeans and Native Americans into the twenty-first century. America in World History explores the core historical events, trends, and personalities from U.S. history within the context of global history and international relations.

American Countercultures , 2013

The term "counterculture" refers to any intentional departure from conventional values and practices or the dominant lifestyles of the day. This set is the first reference work to examine the impact of countercultural movements on American social history. It explores these movements in America from colonial times to the present in colorful detail.

American Decades:1900-2009 , 2001-

Cross-disciplinary source for junior and high school students and teachers, public librarians and general researchers who need to document and analyze periods of contemporary American social history (1900-2009).

American Eras , 8v, 1997

Includes essays on events, publications, lifestyles and individuals important to particular eras in U.S. history.

American Eras : Primary Sources , 8 v, 2013-

Includes primary sources documenting events, publications, lifestyles, and individuals important to a particular era in U.S. history.

American Presidential Campaigns and Elections 1788-2012 , 2013

The election of the president is the banner event in American politics. The process of nominating candidates and campaigning among voters rivets the attention of the nation every four years—and for good reasons. The president holds the most important position in the U.S. federal government. The power of the office, moreover, has grown over time, giving it immense influence at home and around the world in the twenty-first century.

America's Top–Rated Cities , 23rd ed., 4v, 2016

Provides statistical information and other essential data on the top cities currently cited as the best for business and living in the United States.

America's Top–Rated Smaller Cities , 11th ed., 2v, 2016

Provides current, comprehensive data on U.S. cities, all top-ranked by population growth, median income, unemployment rate and crime rate.

Ancient Greece and Rome , 4v, 1998

Covers an extensive array of topics on ancient Greece and Rome including daily life, art and architecture, philosophy, science, religion, statesmen, military leaders, emperors, and more.

Booms and Busts: An Encyclopedia of Economic History , 3v, 2013

This timely and authoritative set explores four centuries of good times and hard times in major economies throughout the world. Nearly 400 signed articles cover events from Tulipmania during the 1630s to the U.S. economic stimulus package of 2009, and introduce readers to underlying concepts, economic theories, recurring themes, major institutions, events, and notable figures.

Cities of the World , 6th ed., 4v, 2002

A compilation of current information on cultural, geographic, and political conditions in 193 countries and their cities covering six continents, based on the Department of State's Post Reports. Maps and photos of many cities included.

Civilizations and Societies: Ancient and Modern Worlds , 2013

The study of world civilizations and societies is presented in a form and a medium that facilitate both geographic and historical exploration—travel through space and time—as well as comparison, analysis, and appreciation.

Countries and Their Cultures , 4v, 2001

Presents the cultural similarities within a country that set it apart from others by examining over 200 countries to document the myriad ways in which culture defines and separates the nations of the world as much as geographical borders do. Surveys each country's shared values, behaviors and cultural variations from foods and rituals to pastimes and arts, using a standard entry format for easy comparison

Crime and Puninshment around the World , 4v, 2010

Explores crime and punishment throughout the world through the eyes of leading experts, local authors and scholars and government officials.

Democratic, Republican, and Third Parties 1790-2012 , 2013

History and high drama that chronicles the origins and development of the two major parties and 100 third parties and alternative movements, it presents the sweep of election and convention history in articles and documents for every four-year cycle since the origin of the two major parties in the mid-nineteenth century.

Early Civilizations in the Americas Reference Library , 4v, 2005

This reference library provides a comprehensive overview of the history of the regions of the American continents in which two of the world's first civilizations developed: Mesoamerica (the name for the lands in which ancient civilizations arose in Central America and Mexico) and the Andes Mountains region of South America (in present-day Peru and parts of Bolivia, northern Argentina, and Ecuador).

Encyclopedia of African American History , 3v, 2010

Documents African American culture and political activism from the slavery era through the 20th century.

Encyclopedia of American Folklife , 2013

This reference work surveys the many varieties of folklife in America, past and present. Folklife is defined socially as tradition-centered communities, locations, or groups, and culturally as the skills, symbols, identities, and customs that characterize such groups.

Encyclopedia of American Indian History , 4v, 2008

Covers the history of Native Americans, ranging from human origins to present-day controversies.

Encyclopedia of American Social Movements , 2013

From abolition and woman suffrage, to civil rights and the minimum wage, to the campaigns for clean air and clean water, struggles to mobilize groups to improve society and promote justice are among the enduring themes of American history. Whether one is studying economics, labor, government, politics, current events, or global issues, it is impossible to understand the nineteenth and twentieth centuries without understanding the role of social movements in the United States.

Encyclopedia of Clothing & Fashion , 3v, 2005

A survey of clothing, costume and fashion. Coverage includes the origins of clothing and body adornment, the development of fabrics and technologies, and the social meanings of dress, as well as representative costumes from a wide range of historical eras.

Encyclopedia of Conflicts Since World War II , 2013

This illustrated reference presents descriptions and analyses of more than 170 significant post-World War II conflicts around the globe.

Encyclopedia of Espionage, Intelligence and Security , 3v, 2004

Comprehensive guide to the history, uses, related scientific principles, and technology of espionage and intelligence, written by experts in the field. Topics range from the historical use of espionage to the emerging use of technology in modern espionage and counterintelligence.

Encyclopedia of Food & Culture , 3v, 2003

A survey of food and its place in human culture and society, presented through 600 alphabetically sorted entries. Features multidisciplinary coverage of such topics as comfort food, ethnicity and food, medieval banquets, and nutrient composition, among many others. Includes photographs, illustrations, sidebars, recipes, menus, and timelines.

Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture , 2nd ed., 6v, 2008

Provides a comprehensive, multidisciplinary view of Latin American history and culture from prehistoric times to the present. Covers cultural issues and includes numerous biographical profiles of important figures in politics, letters and the arts.

Encyclopedia of Modern Asia , v6, 2003

A survey of modern Asia, defined as extending from Japan in the east to Turkey in the west, and from Kazakhstan in the north to Indonesia in the south. Presents entries covering such subjects as countries, cities, regions, natural features, religions, social issues, languages, people, events, customs, politics, and economics.

Encyclopedia of Population , 2v, 2003

Provides coverage of demographic topics both in the core field and in neighboring disciplines. Encompasses the large-scale changes in emphasis and research directions in population studies during the last 20 years. Topics covered include: rapid demographic expansion in poor countries, low fertility rates, immigration, problems of old-age support, the environmental impact of dense population; the press for expanded reproductive rights; and many other issues.

Encyclopedia of the Great Depression , 2v, 2004

This 2-vol. set encompasses nearly two decades of American history, beginning with the farm crisis of the mid-1920s, through the 1929 stock market crash, the gradual recovery during the 1930s with Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal and World War II. This wide-ranging, multidisciplinary encyclopedia features entries on depression-era politics, government, business, economics, literature, the arts, society and culture.

Encyclopedia of World Trade: from Ancient Times to the Present , 2013

Trade has defined relationships between cultures and countries from prehistoric times to the present. From the caravans of the ancient world, to the search for new trade routes during the age of discovery, to the development of interconnected markets and the global economy, trade has been a defining force in world history.

Fashion, Costume, and Culture: Clothing, Headwear, Body Decorations, and Footwear through the Ages , 2nd ed., 6v, 2013

Provides a broad overview of costume traditions of diverse cultures from prehistoric times to the present day. Examines more than 430 items of human decoration and adornment, ranging from togas to turbans, necklaces to tennis shoes. Explores how and why items were created, the people who made them, and their uses. This set shows how clothing, headwear, body decorations, and footwear reflect the different cultural, religious, and societal beliefs.

Firearms : an Illustrated History , 2014

This book charts the evolution of the gun, from the pistol and rifle, to the machine gun and revolver. Detailed catalogs profile more than 300 firearms spanning over 700 years.

Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. Economic History , 2nd ed., 3v, 2015

Designed to answer such key questions as: How has the U.S. Constitution shaped the economy of the United States? What were the consequences of Prohibition on consumers behavior? This title presents 1,000 entries, era overviews, event/movement profiles, biographies, business/industry profiled, geographic profiles, and more.

Global History: Cultural Encounters , 2013

Written in a lively, engaging style, and designed to complement the high school social studies curriculum as well as programs in the social sciences and humanities, this reference vividly recreates and analyzes pivotal encounters, exchanges, and conflicts between cultures and civilizations that profoundly influenced the course of human history. It covers all regions of the globe -- Asia, Africa, Europe, the Middle East, the Americas, and the Pacific -- and all time periods -- from the early trade networks of the Fertile Crescent in 10,000 B.C.E. to the spread of monotheism in late antiquity and the early Middle Ages, through Columbus's arrival in the Americas in 1492, up to the expansion of the World Wide Web.

Great Lives from History

Worldwide coverage of important men and women in all areas of achievement who flourished in the ancient world through the twentieth century plus inventors, scientists and the notorious.

The Middle Ages , 4v, 1996

Covers an array of topics on the Middle Ages including daily life, art and architecture, science, religion, politics, women's issues, and more.

Milestone Documents in African American History , 4v, 2010

Milestone Documents in World History , 4v, 2010

Milestone Documents of World Religions , 3v, 2010

A groundbreaking approach to primary source documents, with in-depth expert analysis of the court cases, presidential and legislative initiatives, and speeches that tell the story of African American history, world history and world religions.

Modern Genocide: The Definitive Resource and Document Collection , 4v, 2015

This four-volume work provides students with an examination of 10 modern genocides. It is enhanced by documents and introductions that provide additional historical and contemporary context for learning about and understanding these tragic events.

New Encyclopedia of Africa , 2nd ed., 5v, 2008

Addresses the entire history of African cultures from the pharaohs and the ancient civilizations of the south through the colonial era to the emergence of 53 independent countries, some of them newly emergent in world commerce and others deep in conflict. Covers issues facing the continent such as global development, the AIDS crisis, and international terrorism.

Profiles of North Carolina and South Carolina , 3rd ed., 2015

Provides detailed demographic and statistical data on the states of North and South Carolina, including demographics on each county and individual city or town; detailed data on school districts; Hispanic and Asian population statistics; informative statistics and rankings on ancestry groups; weather statistics; and comparative ranking charts.

Scientists and Inventors of the Renaissance , 2013

During the Renaissance, a number of scientists and inventors made major breakthroughs in astronomy, medicine, physics, and more. Readers examine the scientific revolution, profiling Isaac Newton, Nicolaus Copernicus, Galileo, and many other great thinkers who transformed the scientific and mechanical worlds.

The Decades in America

This set includes The Twenties in America, The Thirties in America,The Forties in America,The Sixties in America, The Seventies in America, which have been acclaimed as effective teaching aids that enable students to grasp quickly significant aspects of each decade's history.

Value of a Dollar: The Colonial Era to the Civil War,1600-1865 , 2005

This handbook provides records of the actual prices of thousands of items that consumers purchased from the Colonial Era to the Civil War; pricing data from 1600 to 1865. A useful tool for all high school, public and academic library reference collections.

Value of a Dollar: Prices and Incomes in the United States, 1860-2014 , 2014

Records the actual prices of thousands of items that consumers purchased from the Civil War to the present, along with facts about investment options and income opportunities.

Weapons and Warfare , 2v, 2001

141 Chronologically arranged overviews of the history of weaponry and military tactics from ancient times to the present global age.

World Clothing and Fashion: An Encyclopedia of History, Culture, and Social Influence , 2014

This interdisciplinary work brings a new perspective to the diverse and colorful global history of human attire from prehistoric times to modern day. It illuminates dress as a reflection of social status, aesthetic trends, economic conditions, cultural exchange, and modern media marketing, covering the evolution of clothing styles in diverse historical periods, regions, and countries, as well as the diversification of materials, production methods, and commerce.

World Eras , 10 v, 2001-2005

Examines major civilizations that have flourished from antiquity to modern times, with a global perspective and a strong emphasis on daily life and social history.

World Monarchies and Dynasties, , 2013

Throughout history, royal dynasties have dominated countries and empires around the world. Kings, queens, emperors, chiefs, pharaohs, czars -- whatever title they ruled by, monarchs have shaped institutions, rituals, and cultures in every time period and every corner of the globe. The concept of monarchy originated in prehistoric times and evolved over centuries right up to the present

World Poverty, 2014 ed. , 2015

Examines the forms that poverty takes around the world, its many causes, the serious negative consequences that it has for individuals and societies, and the effort to eliminate it.

World Terrorism , 2013

This timely new successor to the highly acclaimed Encyclopedia of World Terrorism is thoroughly revised, updated, and reorganized--provides the definitive reference resource on terrorism throughout the world from Ancient Greece and Rome to the post-September 11 world. This illustrated, three-volume set includes more than 200 in-depth articles and provides students with essential background on the various types, definitions, and categories of terrorism--domestic and international, religious and nationalist, state and non-state, left-wing and right-wing--as well as detailed entries on terrorist movements and incidents throughout history and across the globe.

Worldmark Encyclopedia of Cultures and Daily Life , 3rd ed., 5v, 2017

Covers cultural groups in Asia, Europe, the Americas and Africa. Each volume is organized by continent, covering history, politics, customs, religion, education, human rights issues, teen life, and more.

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations , 14th ed., 5v, 2017

Presents easy-to-understand information on 194 countries and dependencies from around the world. Entries discuss a variety of topics in detail, from banking and securities to climate, from government data to demographic statistics. Also includes biographical essays on national leaders.

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